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tv   Newsline  NHK World  July 17, 2014 5:00am-5:31am JST

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glad to have you with us on this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan with the news from tokyo. israeli military officials have warned people in border areas of the gaza strip to leave their homes. they've resumed air strikes after the palestinian islamist group hamas rejected a cease-fire plan proposed by egypt. the israeli military on wednesday targeted the homes of top hamas leaders in central gaza. more than 200 people have been killed over the past week, and more than 1,500 have been wounded. israeli military officials say they sent out a warning to
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residents in the northern and eastern parts of gaza. they told people to evacuate their homes by wednesday morning for safety. there have been no reports of massive attacks in those areas. united nations officials say more than 17,000 gaza residents have taken shelter inside schools. leaders from five key emerging nations have held a summit meeting in brazil. the so-called brics countries of brazil, russia, india, china, and south africa are aiming to create a new global order and move away from a u.s.-centered world. among the big hitters, china came away from the talks with both positives and negatives. nhk world's akihiro mikoda has more. >> reporter: at the summit, chinese president xi jinping was out to develop cooperation between the brics countries and
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other developing countries. russia, which is becoming increasingly ready, gave strong support to a push for a global realignment. it left a group of eight major countries after the sanctions for annexing crimea in southern ukraine. at the meeting, russia sided with china to voice opposition to the existing world order led by the united states. a joint statement issued after the meeting stressed the importance of the united nations playing the central role. it also includes wording criticizing unilateral economic sanctions. this reflects the views of both china and russia. participants also agreed to set up a new development bank based in china's economic hub, shanghai. it's designed to pave the way
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for a new world order led by emerging economies. it appears china wants to excerpt greater influence over other economies through the bank. >> translator: i'm grateful to everyone for supporting setting up the bank. we'll work closely with all parties to start operations as soon as possible. >> reporter: but it's unclear whether everything will go as china hopes. xi met with indian prime minister narendra modi on the sidelines of the summit. they agreed to cooperate on infrastructure building and other areas. at the same time, xi invited modi to a meeting of the asia pacific economic cooperation
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forum in beijing in november. but modi brought up a bilateral border issue, underlining the gap between the two countries. india, in an effort to rebuild its economy, has been placing greater importance on ties with japan, whose relation with china has been cold. although differences among the brics nations remain, xi is making his push to establish a new world order, both politically and economically. akihiro mikoda, nhk world, brazil. a nuclear plant in southwestern japan is one step closer to restarting two reactors. its new safety measures have been approved. all of the reactors in japan were idle after the 2011 disaster. this could mean a return of the industry, but as nhk world's noriko okada reports, there are still safety concerns that need to be addressed. >> reporter: japan's nuclear
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regulation authority, or nra, has released its decision on two reactors in kagoshima prefecture. it reviewed sendai nuclear power plant, operated by kyushu electric power company, and confirms the plant has met the new safety standards. >> translator: we have thoroughly examined the measures to tackle severe accidents and natural disasters to ensure safety. i believe we have made a major change. >> reporter: all of japan's 48 reactors are offline. three years ago, an earthquake and tsunami damaged the fukushima daiichi power plant. it was the catalyst for reform of the industry's safety standards. the nra has been conducting screenings based on strict new rules, which went into effect last year. the focus is how earthquake resistant the facilities are. the nra now wants to know the maximum magnitude of earthquake
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-- possible earthquakes and tsunami. the operator of the sendai plant set a higher estimate for tremors and waves, and the nra gave priority to the plant saying those estimates were appropriate. workers at the plant are hurrying to finish all the upgrades. they have built ten-meter-high walls to protect equipment from tsunami, a break water, and they installed pipes that can withstand tremors. >> translator: we will complete the task quickly so the plant's operations can be resumed as soon as possible. >> reporter: the nra approved the upgraded design and safety features of the sendai plant at the wednesday meeting. the decision was welcomed by the
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government. >> translator: we would like to push forward restarting the reactors with the conclusion of the safety screening and understanding of local people. >> reporter: but not everyone was understanding. many are making their voices heard over the safety concerns. many people are rallying in front of the building where nra's office is located. they are yelling and holding signs to show their discontent towards decision. protesters say the screening of the plant was fast and sloppy and that the evacuation plan for residents is insufficient. people on the other side are split over the decision. >> translator: i don't want it to be restarted. i'm concerned about the safety of the next generation. >> translator: i agree with the restart, because it is necessary for us. some locals benefit from it. >> reporter: the nra's decision isn't final. the regulator will take a month
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to collect comments from the public. then they will look for approval from local municipalities. there are still on-site operational checks to be done. the sendai plant faces many challenges in regaining trust of those who are cautious about the safety of the nuclear energy. noriko okada, nhk world. chinese officials made a surprise announcement on wednesday saying they finished work on an oil rig set up in disputed waters in the south
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china sea. the vietnamese are paying particular attention to this development. patchari raksawong in bangkok is following the story. >> vietnam state-run media are reporting this announcement as a top story. relations between the two countries have been worsening since china moved the equipment to the area in may. vietnam television on wednesday aired a program that showed a correspondent on board a maritime police vessel reporting the latest development. the waters in question are near the paracel islands, said to be rich in natural resources. china set up the oil rig in may in the disputed waters. since then, clashes between ships from the two countries
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have erupted one after another. relations have plunged to one of their lowest levels since the vietnamese war of 1979. the united states criticized china's move calling it provocative. but on wednesday, china's state-run xinhua news agency suddenly reported that the oil rig finished its work one day earlier. an executive of the vietnamese maritime police told nhk that the oil rig is being moved toward the chinese island of hainan. china's maritime safety administration had earlier said the drilling would conclude on august 15th, about a month from now. a spokesperson for the chinese foreign ministry said on wednesday that companies concerned will map out work plans for the next step based on analysis and assessment of the geological data that was collected. vietnamese foreign ministry spokesperson responded to questions in a letter from nhk by condemning china. he said vietnam demands that china never again bring drilling equipment to waters belonging to vietnam.
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papua, new guinea's economy has been growing steadily thanks to its wealth of mineral resources, but the economy isn't the only thing that's captured the world's attention. the country is making headlines for a darker reason. violence against women. nhk world's takeo nakajima explains. >> there was a stranger there. he started fighting and hitting me. then he started biting my face. >> reporter: one woman lost her lips. another was assaulted by her husband in front of her children. these abused women in papua, new guinea are in a video created by an aid group called child fund
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australia. members say 70% of women in papua new guinea have been the victims of sexual assault and other forms of violence. child fund has an office in papua, new guinea's capital, port moresby. the group has been supporting needy children, and last year it began a program to help abused women. >> what we are trying to do is giving support to the survivors of violence. second is what you said, is raising awareness, is generating an environment within the communities so that the violence reduces. >> reporter: this shelter receives support from child fund. it's a place for women who run away from abusive men. when we visited last month, five women and their children were taking shelter.
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each woman is given her own room and stays at the facility from four to six weeks. during that time, they prepare to return to society and start the process of healing. >> well, we take care of them. we feed them. they are provided counseling by the staff that is here, very capable staff that is here. they're provided with medical care. we have some vocational training that we try to get them involved in. >> reporter: jenny mesa is from a mountainous area. she arrived at the facility at the end of may with her two children. she says she could no longer put up with her common-law husband's violent behavior. >> translator: my husband beat me and cut my fingers with a knife. he also slashed my head. >> reporter: economic growth has given people more spending power. some use their money on drugs and alcohol.
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experts say that fuels more abuse against women. mesa is taking legal action so she can live separately from her partner. but she says she isn't sure she can raise two children on her own. >> translator: i need to live apart from my partner, but i need money to raise my kids. i'm a housewife without a job. >> reporter: papua, new guinea's leaders have started to take action. the government has passed a law to protect abused women. community leaders say all of society needs to pull together to keep women safe. takeo nakajima, nhk world, port moresby, papua, new guinea. >> that wraps up our bulletin. i'm patchari raksawong in bangkok.
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policeman have arrested a busman. the passenger bus exploded at a bus stop at a city center on tuesday night. police are investigating the case at arson. they're holding a 25-year-old man who's originally from neighboring hunan province. the suspect originally told police he was frustrated with gambling losses and set the bus on fire. in china, several other arson cases involving buses have occurred. more than 30 people were wounded in a bus blaze about two weeks ago. wednesday marks three months since the ferry disaster in south korea. lawmakers of the ruling and opposition parties are trying to reach agreement on a special bill to support bereaved families, but the families are
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demanding more. relatives and friends offered prayers on wednesday morning at a port near the site of the accident. the sewol sank off jindo island on april 16th, leaving 293 people dead and 11 missing. a search for the missing continues, but no problem has been reported since a body was discovered on june 24th. relatives and their supporters insist that a proposed investigative team be given the right to look into the disaster and indict those responsible under the proposed legislation. they put together a petition that 3.5 million people have signed and they're putting pressure on parliament. president park geun-hye's support rate has declined sharply, and she's also failed to appoint a new prime minister. the current prime minister had offered to step down to take
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responsibility. park has not been able to keep a hold on the situation in the face of public frustration. officials in japan and south korea will boost cooperation on dealing with north korea's missile and nuclear weapons programs. japanese foreign ministry representative junichi ihara met with his south korean counterpart to share concerns over the north's recent ballistic missile launches. japan recently lifted some of its sanctions on the north after pyongyang started to investigate the fate of japanese nationals abducted in the 1970s and '80s. wang says seoul supports japan's efforts to resolve the abduction issue, but he hopes it will not negatively affect bilateral and trilateral coordination with the united states on the north's nuclear and missile issues. the two officials agreed that pyongyang should take specific steps toward denuclearization as a prerequisite for restarting
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the six-party talks. the talks have been on hold for more than five years. the growing tension in iraq has pushed up crude oil prices and drivers in japan are paying more for gasoline. gas prices at the pump rose for the 12th straight week. the latest data from the oil information center shows that the average price of regular gas per liter was 169.9 yen, or about $1.67 as of monday. that's up 0.2 yen from the previous week. but officials predict the trend will be reversed and retail prices are likely to fall next week. they say crude oil prices have recently started to show a declining trend and some wholesalers are beginning to lower their prices. now potentially some good news for those of you who love sushi. a japanese trading house and a group of researchers have teamed up to cultivate blue fin tuna. it's a highly valued fish whose catches are falling. they're now set to launch a new facility to expand its output. officials agreed to set up a new center for the hatched fish. the facility will handle the
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entire farming process starting from artificial incubation to breeding. it will start its operation as early as may next year. the aim is to be able to produce 300,000 fish annually in about three years. that's roughly 10% of the quantity consumed in japan. >> translator: one of our goals is to export the tuna for the overseas markets. we're hoping this will make japan's fish farming industry globally competitive. >> researchers succeeded in cultivating blue fin tuna from eggs back in 2002. they started commercialization four years ago. but nearly half of the hatched
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fish couldn't survive long distance transportation to a farming center. the international scientific committee for tuna and tuna-like species in the north pacific ocean says catches of blue fin tuna in the pacific ocean are declining. the total in 2012 fell to nearly half of the figure in 2005. japanese prime minister shinzo abe says he'll bolster health care programs for the people affected by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. abe inspected public housing for those hit by the disaster in miyagi prefecture. he's been making monthly visits to the affected area. people who moved into the homes this year said many of them live alone. they asked for programs to help
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them engage in the community. >> translator: i realize the need to step up programs to care for the physical and mental health of people here. >> abe asked officials to draw up a plan to increase the number of advisers and counselors. he also inspected a business that grows rice and vegetables. he was briefed on how workers removed salt from the soil to restore cultivation after the tsunami. he tried his hand at packing some of the produce. crews at the fukushima daiichi nuclear plant are carrying out decommissioning work that will take decades. managers at the plant are stepping up efforts to improve their employees' long-term working environment, but they're facing many obstacles. nhk world's yoichiro tateiwa went for an inside look on this edition of "nuclear watch." >> reporter: cleaning up fukushima daiichi is a big job. workers are removing radioactive contamination and
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decommissioning damaged reactors at the same time. the area around the crippled buildings still has high levels of radiation. people here work in shifts and take breaks every few hours. this is a resting place for workers. so whenever workers finish their work or they wait for another work, they spend the time here. like a relaxing -- maybe have a cup of tea, water, or reading magazines. as many as 6,000 workers come to the site every day. their schedules are designed to minimize radiation exposure. tepco officials explain most of the people here are employees of subcontracting companies.
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it means the utility is not directly responsible for their safety. but tepco officials have started taking measures to improve conditions at the plant. >> translator: we consider improving the working environment to be a top priority. >> reporter: they are constructing a new facility for workers. the building will have a dining space where hot meals will be served. it will also have devices people can use to check their internal radiation exposure. it's not just spaces for breaks that are getting improvements. an example is this vehicle repair factory. nothing like it existed here before it was built. that worried many workers. the vehicles here can't leave because they may be contaminated. so if one broke down or needed repairs, there was no way to fix it. now that problem has been solved. >> translator: ensuring worker safety is essential for safe and
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speedy decommissioning. >> reporter: but experts say more needs to be done to ensure the safety of workers. >> translator: at fukushima daiichi, the task of checking workers' health is handled by the companies that hire them. but what we need is a centralized system for checking the health of all workers. >> reporter: okazaki says the japanese government needs to establish a system for making sure the workers are healthy. there are other issues to consider. when workers finish a shift, they are required to take off their protective gear. their clothing and equipment is treated as contaminated waste.
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tepco is now constructing an incineration facility to deal with it, but the manager overseeing the project says he's not sure when it will be ready. >> translator: all of us have to stop working right when our shifts end to minimize radiation exposure. it's not like a normal construction site. >> reporter: he says under these conditions, it's hard to stay on schedule. tepco has a lot riding on the safety of the plant's workers. their health and well-being is critical to the success of the decommissioning project. yoichiro tateiwa, nhk world, fukushima daiichi. more to come here on "newsline," but first, here's a three-day outlook on the world's weather.
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chinese fans of japanese culture have plenty to browse at the annual hang congress book fair. japan's central and local governments are promoting japanese manga and novels at the fair for the first time. the annual show is hosting a record 570 companies and organizations from 31 countries and regions. the japanese booths display about 200 novels and scientific texts translated into chinese. organizers are expecting a million visitors during the week-long fair. >> translator: i look forward to seeing even more exhibits next year. >> japanese companies and the government look at hong kong as a gateway for cultural works to enter mainland china. and that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm raja pradhan in tokyo. we'll be back in about half an hour, so do stay with us on nhk world.
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a bicycle with a chair like seat that you pedal with your arms. it's called a hand cycle. it's a totally new kind of vehicle that anyone can ride. >> i have never tried something like this before, but it's very good, very good potential. >> artisan times designer, the

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